Li Bai

Zhaozhuo Zheng

Li Bai

Li Bai, also spelled Li Bo, Wade-Giles romanization Li Pai or Li Po, courtesy name (zi) Taibai, literary name (hao) Qinglian Jushi (born 701, Jiangyou, Sichuan province, China--died 762, Dangtu, Anhui province), Chinese poet who rivaled Du Fu for the title of China's greatest poet. Li Bai was a romantic in his view of life and in his verse. One of the most famous wine drinkers in China's long tradition of imbibers, Li Bai frequently celebrated the joy of drinking. He also wrote of friendship, solitude, the passage of time, and the joys of nature with brilliance and great freshness of imagination. Li Bai liked to regard himself as belonging to the imperial family, but he actually belonged to a less exalted family of the same surname. At age 24 he left home for a period of wandering, after which he married and lived with his wife's family in Anlu (now in Hubei province). He had already begun to write poetry, some of which he showed to various officials in the vain hope of becoming employed as a secretary. After another nomadic period, in 742 he arrived at Chang'an, the Tang dynasty capital, no doubt hoping to be given a post at court. No official post was forthcoming, but he was accepted into a group of distinguished court poets. In the autumn of 744 he began his wanderings again. In 756 Li Bai became unofficial poet laureate to the military expedition of Prince Lin, the emperor' s 16th son. The prince was soon accused of intending to establish an independent kingdom and was executed; Li Bai was arrested and imprisoned at Jiujiang. In the summer of 758 he was banished to Yelang; before he arrived there, he benefited from a general amnesty. He returned to eastern China, where he died in a relative's house, though popular legend says that he drowned when, sitting drunk in a boat, he tried to seize the moon's reflection in the water.

Kaiyuan twelve years (724 years), Li Bai twenty-four years old. Leaving the hometown and set foot on the journey. And then travel to Chengdu, Emei Mountain, and then boat trip east to Yuzhou (now Chongqing). Kaiyuan thirteen years (725 years), Li Bai out of Shu, "sword to go abroad, resign from the tour." Kaiyuan fourteen years (726 years), Li Bai twenty-six years old. Spring to Yangzhou (now Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province). Autumn, sick lying in Yangzhou. Winter, from Yangzhou North Run Ruzhou (now Henan Province Linru County), to Anlu (now Hubei Province Anlu County). Passing through Chenzhou and Li Yong met. Get acquainted with Meng Haoran. The song line, completely break the poetry of all the inherent format, no hesitation, strokes, to meet the arbitrarily and unpredictable, swaying magical realm. Li Bai's quatrains naturally bright, elegant and chic, can be simple and neat language to express endless thoughts. In the Tang poet, Wang Wei, Meng Haoran is longer than five absolutely, Wang Changling and other seven must write very well, and long five with seven and with the polar situation, only Li Bai one. Li Bai's poem magnificent, artistic achievement is extremely high. He praised the mountains and rivers and beautiful natural scenery, the style of magnificent unrestrained, Junyi fresh, full of romantic spirit, to achieve the perfect unity of content and art. He was known as the "immortal immortal", the poem mostly for the description of the landscape and to express the inner feelings of the main. Li Bai's poems have the artistic charm of "pennies, poems and poems", which is the most distinctive artistic feature of his poems. Li Bai's poems are rich in self-expression of the subjective lyrical color is very strong, emotional expression has a kind of overwhelming, blew up momentum. He and Du Fu and called "big Li Du", (Li Shangyin and Du Mu and known as "Xiao Li Du").

Li Bai's poems have had a profound effect on the offspring. In the middle of the Tang Yu, Meng Jiao, Li He, the Song Dynasty Su Shi, Lu You, Xin Qiji, Ming and Qing Dynasties Gao Qi, Yang Shen, Gong Zizhen and other famous poets, are heavily influenced by Li Bai's poetry. Li Bai lived in the Tang Dynasty, he was heroic, love the mountains and rivers, traveled all over the north and south, to write a large number of praise mountains and rivers of magnificent poems. His poems are both bold and bold, fresh and elegant, and imagined rich, wonderful mood, language is light, people call him "poetry cents". Li Bai's poems not only have the typical romantic spirit, but also from the image of the shape, material intake, to genre selection and the use of various artistic techniques, all have typical romantic artistic characteristics. Li Bai succeeded in shaping himself, expressing himself strongly, highlighting the unique personality of the lyric hero, and his poems had distinctive romanticism. He likes to use the magnificent image of self, in the poem without cover, nor to control the emotional expression of his emotions. He was "holding a chrysanthemum, funny two thousand stone" ("drunk sent Cui Shi Yu" one of the two); see the working people hard work, he "heart tears." When the boat overturned, people's livelihood, he "through the river swearing water, aiming at the Central Plains. Pull the sword before the column, sad song difficult to" ("South Ben book"), so impassioned; and friends happy drink, they drank and drank a cup of cups, and I was drunk and went to the Ming dynasty, and the Ming dynasty was willing to hold the piano. In short, his poems live off to show his bold and uninhibited character and Ti is not the image of the group.

Uniqueness is the main characteristic of Li Bai 's poems. In addition to the ideological and artistic situation of the factors, Li Bai's artistic expression techniques and genre structure is also the formation of his bold and elegant style of the important reasons. It is an important feature of Li Bai 's romantic artistic approach. Almost some imagination, and even some through the use of a variety of imagination. Real things, natural landscape, myths and legends, historical allusions, fantasy fantasy, all become his imagination of the media. Often with imagination, beyond time and space, the reality and dreams, fairyland, the nature and human society intertwined to reproduce the objective reality. His image is not a direct reflection of objective reality, but its inner subjective world of externalization, the real art. One of the romanticistic techniques of Li Bai's poems is to combine the anthropomorphic and metaphor, to empathize with things and to be more than people. Another romantic art of Li Bai's poetic approach is to seize a certain characteristic of things, on the basis of the real life, to boldly imagine exaggeration. His exaggeration not only imagine the strange, but always with the specific things combined, exaggerated so naturally, without traces; so bold, and true and credible, play a prominent image, strengthen the role of feelings. Sometimes he also bold bold and contrast with the sharp contrast, by increasing the artistic contrast, to enhance the artistic effect.